Electrical Skills Series
Instrumentation Skills Series
Mechanical Skills Series
Regulatory Compliance Series
PC Skills (Office) Series
Basic Skills Series

Troubleshooting

This comprehensive INVOLVEĀ® interactive multimedia training program was produced in association with the Instrument Society of America. (ISA). This three individual lesson program trains participants in efficient methods for finding the cause of a problem in a system and correcting it.

Audience: This program is excellent for instrument technicians as well as for the multi-craft training needs of process and manufacturing facilities.

Troubleshooting Single Loop Control Systems


Prerequisites: This lesson is designed for participants familiar with instruments and their functions within a control loop and fundamentals of process measurement. A knowledge of process control diagrams is also recommended.

Description: This lesson describes the systematic approach to troubleshooting and applies that approach to single loop control systems. The lesson explains and demonstrates troubleshooting steps such as verifying that a problem exists, identifying possible causes of the problem, dividing the system to isolate the cause, recommending corrective action, and following up to prevent future problems.

Objectives:

  • Describe the purpose of troubleshooting process systems and identify the reasons a systematic troubleshooting approach is most effective
  • Verify that a performance problem exists by gathering information from sources such as the operator, diagrams, trend graphs, historical data, and system performance
  • Locate and identify the possible causes of a performance problem based on information gathered about the system in the quickest, most efficient way possible
  • Divide the system to isolate possible causes
  • Check each possible cause to determine if it is the source of the problem
  • Identify and carry out or recommend appropriate corrective action once a performance problem has been located
  • Verify that corrections have been made by consulting resources such as the operator and observation of system performance
  • Take or recommend appropriate follow-up procedures to minimize the potential for recurrence
  • Apply a systematic troubleshooting approach to its proper conclusion in single loop flow, temperature, level, and pressure control systems

Troubleshooting Multi-Loop Control Systems


Prerequisites: This lesson is designed for participants familiar with instruments and their functions within a control loop and how they are represented on process control diagrams. An understanding of a systematic approach to troubleshooting single loop control systems is also required.

Description: This lesson discusses the application of the steps for applying the systematic approach to troubleshooting multi-loop control systems. Emphasis is placed on isolating possible causes to the appropriate loop of a multi-loop control system. The lesson applies the basic troubleshooting procedure to ratio, cascade, and feedforward systems.

Objectives:

  • Apply the systematic approach to troubleshooting malfunctioning multi-loop control systems
  • Read and interpret a control diagram of a multi-loop system, identifying the process variable controlled and the input and output devices for each loop
  • Verify that a performance problem exists by gathering information as necessary from such sources as the operator, diagrams, trend graphs, historical data, and system performance
  • Locate and identify the possible causes of a performance problem in the quickest, most efficient way possible
  • Divide a multi-loop system into logical divisions to isolate possible causes
  • Once the problem has been located, identify and carry out or recommend appropriate corrective action
  • Verify that corrective action has been taken by consulting resources and take or recommend appropriate follow-up to minimize the potential for recurrence
  • Apply a systematic troubleshooting approach to its proper conclusion in ratio and cascade control as well as feedforward/feedback systems

Troubleshooting Distributed Control Systems


Prerequisites: This lesson is designed for participants familiar with instruments and their functions within a control loop. An understanding of the steps involved in a systematic approach to troubleshooting single loop control systems is required.

Description: This lesson applies a systematic process for identifying, isolating, and correcting process system problems to distributed control systems (DCS). Emphasis is placed on the use of DCS displays as a troubleshooting tool. System graphics such as set point displays, alarm summaries, and trend graphics are included.

Objectives:

  • List the five steps in a systematic approach to troubleshooting
  • Identify the set points and process variables of the components, valve positions, and alarms represented in a graphic display
  • Analyze the trend of a process variable over time in a trend graph
  • Identify the time, tag name, type of an alarm, and current value or status of the process variable in an alarm summary- evaluate information supplied by the system operator to determine the current condition of the system
  • Apply information gathered from displays and from the operator to verify that a problem exists
  • Locate and identify the cause of a performance problem in the most efficient way possible
  • Take or recommend appropriate corrective action
  • Verify that the problem has been corrected
  • Recommend follow-up procedures to minimize the potential for recurrence
  • Apply the systematic troubleshooting approach to its proper conclusion in a distillation system, batch process, cascade control system, as well as separating feed stock, and batch blending processes