iKNOW AC/DC Motor Theory

ITC Learning’s AC/DC Motor Theory library was specifically developed for electricians and electronic technicians as well as for the multi-craft training needs of process and manufacturing facilities. This library consists of 11 interactive, on-line lessons that address AC and DC motor theory. These lessons take approximately 30 to 45 minutes to complete.

Introduction to AC Components and Motors


Description: This is the first lesson in the iKNOW™ AC/DC Motor Theory Library. This lesson identifies the components of an AC motor and explains their functions. Basic magnetic principles, sine waves, methods of increasing magnetic flux in a conductor, and how a rotating field is created in an AC Motor are presented.

Prerequisites: None

Topics:

Introduction to AC Components
Magnetic Principles
The Sine Wave
Flux Field
Increasing Magnetic Flux

Objectives:

  • Identify the components of an AC Motor and explain their function
  • Explain the basic principles of magnetism
  • Interpret the characteristics of a current as represented on a sine wave
  • Describe the effect of AC current on a conductor
  • Describe the methods of increasing magnetic flux in a conductor
  • Explain how a rotating field is created in an AC Motor

Advanced AC Motor Principles


Description: The second lesson in the iKNOW™ AC/DC Motor Theory Library, this lesson explains synchronous speed and how to calculate it. The lesson demonstrates the relationship between phased current and rotor spin and induction and its effect on a rotor. Slip and how to calculate slip using its formula are also covered.

Prerequisites: Review of the lesson, Introduction to AC Components and Motors, or knowledge of AC motor components and magnetic principles is recommended.

Topics:

Current and Rotating Field
Synchronous Speed
Rotor Movement
Rotor Spin
Slip

Objectives:

  • Explain and be able to calculate synchronous speed
  • Explain induction and its effect on a rotor
  • Explain the relationship between phased current and rotor spin
  • Explain slip and know its formula

Three-Phase Motors - Part 1


Description: This is the third lesson in the iKNOW™ AC/DC Motor Theory Library. This lesson defines and explains the components and functions of various three-phase motors. The lesson also defines torque and explains its role in motor operation.

Prerequisites: None

Topics:

Squirrel Case Motors
Wound Rotors
Induction Characteristics
Reluctance Synchronous

Objectives:

  • Describe the design of a squirrel cage rotor
  • Explain the function of a squirrel cage rotor's components
  • Describe the design of a wound rotor
  • Explain the function of a wound rotor's components
  • Define torque and explain its role in motor operation
  • Explain the design of a reluctance motor and how it works

Three-Phase Motors - Part 2


Description: This is the fourth lesson in the iKNOW™ AC/DC Motor Theory Library. This lesson defines and explains the components and functions of externally excited motors, starters, and variable speed drives. There is also a review topic to reinforce the information covered in the lesson, Three-Phase Motors – Part 1.

Prerequisites: Completion of the lesson, Three-Phase Motors – Part 1, is recommended.

Topics:

Externally Excited Motors
Starters
Variable Speed Drives
Three-Phase Review

Objectives:

  • Explain the design of an externally excited motor
  • Explain how an externally excited motor works
  • Explain the function of a motor starter
  • Describe the most common types of motor starters
  • Describe a variable speed drive and its effect on voltage and frequency

Single-Phase Motors


Description: This is the fifth lesson in the iKNOW™ AC/DC Motor Theory Library. This lesson trains the participants to distinguish single-phase motors from three-phase motors. Split-phase motors and capacitance start motors are discussed.

Prerequisites: Completion of the lessons, Three-Phase Motors – Part 1 and Part 2, is recommended.

Topics:

Single-Phase Motors
Split-Phase Motors
Capacitor Start Motors
Summary

Objectives:

  • Distinguish a single-phase motor from a three-phase motor
  • Explain the design of a split-phase motor and how it works
  • Explain the design of a capacitance start motor and how it works

Introduction to DC Motors


Description: This is the sixth lesson in the iKNOW™ AC/DC Motor Theory Library. This lesson introduces the learner to DC Motors and their basic components.

Prerequisites: None

Topics:

History of DC Motors
Basic Components
Armature Components
Brushes

Objectives:

  • Identify the general characteristics of a DC motor
  • Identify the advantages of a DC motor
  • Identify the basic components of a DC motor
  • Explain the function of DC motor components
  • Identify the components of the armature and explain their function
  • Identify the components of the brush assembly and explain their function

Introduction to DC Motor Theory


Description: This is the seventh lesson in the iKNOW™ AC/DC Motor Theory Library. The lesson introduces participants to DC motor theory.

Prerequisites: Knowledge of DC motor components and magnetic principles or review of the lessons, Introduction to AC Components and Motors and Introduction to DC Motors, is recommended.

Topics:

Flux Interaction
Commutation
Multiple Windings

Objectives:

  • Explain the effect of armature current on the main flux field and how it results in motor action.
  • Explain the process of commutation and how it maintains direct current in a DC motor.
  • Describe how the number of windings and commutator segments effects torque and mechanical power of a DC motor.

Armature Reaction, Compensation, and Induced Voltage


Description: The eighth lesson in the iKNOW™ AC/DC Motor Theory Library, this lesson demonstrates armature reaction, compensation, and induced voltage.

Prerequisites: Knowledge of DC motor components and review of the lesson, Introduction to DC Motor Theory, is recommended.

Topics:

Armature Reaction
Compensation
Induced Voltage

Objectives:

  • Explain how armature reaction shifts the neutral plane in a DC motor
  • Explain how armature reaction affects motor operation
  • Explain what measures will correct armature reaction
  • List the requirements for induced voltage in a motor
  • Explain counter-EMF.

Series, Shunt, and Compound DC Motors


Description: This is the ninth lesson in the iKNOW™ AC/DC Motor Theory Library. This lesson instructs the participant in the design of series wound, shunt wound, and compound DC motors and how they work.

Prerequisites: Knowledge of DC motor components and review of the lessons, Introduction to DC Motor Theory and Armature Reaction, Compensation, and Induced Voltage, is recommended.

Topics:

Series Wound Motors
Shunt Wound Motors
Compound Motors

Objectives:

  • Explain the design of a series wound DC motor
  • Explain how a series wound DC motor works
  • Explain the design of a shunt wound DC motor
  • Explain how a shunt wound DC motor works
  • Explain the design of a compound wound DC motor
  • Explain how a compound wound DC motor works

Permanent Magnet, Universal, and Brushless DC Motors


Description: This is the tenth lesson in the iKNOW™ AC/DC Motor Theory Library. This lesson instructs the student in the design of permanent magnet, universal, and brushless DC motors and how they work.

Prerequisites: Knowledge of DC motor components and review of the lessons, Introduction to DC Motor Theory and Series, Shunt, and Compound DC Motors, are recommended.

Topics:

Permanent Magnet Motors
Universal Motors
Brushless Motors

Objectives:

  • Explain the design of a permanent magnet DC motor
  • Explain how a permanent magnet DC motor works
  • Explain how a universal motor runs off of DC power
  • Explain the design of a brushless DC motor
  • Explain how a brushless DC motor works

DC Motor Controls


Description: This is the final lesson in the iKNOW™ AC/DC Motor Theory Library. This lesson trains participants in starters, rotation direction, speed control, and drive controls of DC motors.

Prerequisites: Knowledge of schematics is recommended as well as review of the lessons, Introduction to DC Motor Theory and Series, Shunt, and Compound DC Motors.

Topics:

Starting DC Motors
Reverse Direction
Speed Control
DC Drives

Objectives:

  • Explain why a reduced voltage starter is sometimes needed in a motor
  • Explain how a reduced voltage starter works
  • Explain what determines the direction of rotation of a DC motor
  • Explain how a reverse contactor works
  • Explain how to control the speed of a DC motor
  • Explain how a tapped resistor works
  • Explain how a field rheostat works
  • Explain a DC drive’s control system
  • Explain how a DC drive control system works